Common Types of Communicative Disorders

Common Types of Communicative Disorders


The term, communicative disorders, can be a bit vague and confusing to families. With the many disorders, medical terms, and symptoms associated with this classification of disorders. The Sertoma Club of Nashville seeks to assist individuals, children and their families with the many challenges associated with the disorders – starting with being an information resource. Read below for more information on the common communicative disorders.

Articulation Disorders

Individuals who experience difficulty articulating speech sounds are known to have an articulation disorder. Should you notice your child having trouble with articulation of certain consonants or vowels, such as /r/, it is wise to contact your doctor to discuss the possibility of speech therapy. An individual with this disorder can be assisted through speech therapy. However, if the issue is not addressed, the articulation issue can become a habit carried out through the individual’s life.

It should also be noted that articulation disorders can also be caused by dysarthria, which is a weakness or paralysis of the oral/facial muscles such as the tongue, palate, and lips. Speech therapy and other methods can assist with this disorder. 

Voice Disorders

Voice disorders are classified as an abnormal production of vocal, quality, pitch, volume and resonance compared to an individual’s age and/or sex. It is known that the most common cause of a vocal disorder such as hoarseness, are caused by vocal nodules.

Fluency Disorders

Stuttering is a common example of a fluency disorder. Individuals with a fluency disorder experience the interruption in the flow of speech, such as repetitions of sounds or syllables, an atypical rate of speech and other rhythm difficulties. 

According to The Stuttering Foundation, four factors contribute to the likelihood of a fluency disorder:

  • Genetics
  • Child Development
  • Neurophysiology
  • Family Dynamics

Language Disorders

When individuals have difficulty comprehending and/or using spoken or written language, they are known to have a language disorder. From having issues understanding the meaning of language to the use of conversational skills, there is a wide range of language disorders currently affecting individuals across the globe.

Other Disorders

Other communicative disorders include:

  • Aphasia – difficulty formulating, communicating and understanding language, caused by brain damage or disease.
  • Cleft Palate – a birth defect occurring when there is an opening through the soft palate and bony roof of the individual’s mouth.
  • Apraxia – difficulty initiating and executing movement patterns necessary for speech sounds, even if there is no apparent paralysis or weak speech muscles.

To learn more about how you can assist those with communicative disorders, contact the Sertoma Club of Nashville today.